Languages: Kinyarwanda, French and English are the official languages. French is widely spoken, but English is limited to a few people in the tourist centres.
People: There is no consensus on whether the origins of the terms "Hutu" and "Tutsi" lie in class or ethnicity. Shaped by colonial rule, a physical criterion was used to distinguish between the two groups. These differences were invoked during the 1994 genocide, leading to even greater polarisation. It is impossible to establish Rwanda's ethnic makeup because the government has forbidden ethnic monitoring and has removed ethnicity from Rwandan identity documents. They believe in one country, one nation.
Religion: Christian 75% (predominantly Roman Catholic), indigenous beliefs 25%, Muslim 1%.