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TANZANIA - National Parks
 

Introduction


Tanzania has around 14 national parks and more than 10 game reserves occupying more than 45% of the land in Tanzania. The Parks and Reserves are home to an incredible variety of wildlife and flora. There's the Serengeti NP where you can enjoy the annual migration of millions of wildebeest and zebra; the Ngorongoro Crater; Selous and Ruaha, Africa's largest national park. Tanzania has incredible biodiversity, so wildlife populations and bird species often vary according to the season and region.
 

Arusha National Park & Mt Meru

Brief profile:
  • Located only 35 km from the town of Arusha
  • Covers 137 sq. km
  • Offers an audible and visual forest experience
Highlights:
  • More than 575 species of birds
  • Mount Meru – the fourth highest peak in Africa
  • Kilimanjaro two-horned chameleons
  • Momella Lakes
Situated on the eastern edge of the Great Rift Valley, this unique park contains volcanic Momella Lakes, the Ngurdoto Crater and Mount Meru- the fourth highest peak in Africa. This little gem of a national park near Arusha, is a perfect way to begin or end your safari. The environment is unique and it contains species that the visitor will not see elsewhere in northern Tanzania. Mount Meru towers over the nearby town of Arusha, and is topped in Africa only by Mount Kilimanjaro, Mount Kenya and the Rwenzori Mountains, all found in East Africa.

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Kilimanjaro National Park

Brief profile:
  • Highest point in Africa – 5,895 metres (19,340 feet)
  • Comprised of 3 extinct dormant volcanoes: Kibo (5,895 m), Mawenzi (5,140 m) and Shira ($3,962 m)
  • Kilimanjaro ranks twelfth highest in the world
Highlights:
  • Hiking to the highest point in Africa – Uhuru peak
  • The flower Impatiens Kilimanjari do not occur anywhere else
  • On the foothills you can see the black-and-white Colobus monkeys
  • Interesting plants like the Everlasting flower and Lobelias
Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, just south of the equator is the highest point in Africa and one of the highest freestanding mountains in the world. The first person who conquered the highest point of Kilimanjaro was Dr Hans Meyer, a German whose country was Tanganyika’s first colonizer. Kibo became known as Uhuru peak, which means ‘freedom peak’, after Tanganyika’s independence from the United Kingdom.


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Lake Manyara National Park

Brief profile:
  • Covers 330 sq. km
  • A lake covers two-thirds of the park
  • A distinctive feature of the park is the groundwater forest
Highlights:
  • Tree-climbing lions
  • Large flocks of flamingo on Lake Manyara (Seasonal)
  • Herds of elephants
  • Stunning forest area
  • Great bird watching
  • Largest concentration of baboons anywhere in the world
Located on the edge of the Great Rift Valley, Lake Manyara is a remarkably species-rich reserve, especially known for its birds, elephants, flamingos and tree-climbing lions. Enroute to Ngorongoro Crater and the Serengeti, Lake Manyara is well worth a stop in its own right. Its forests, bush plains, baobab-strewn cliffs and hot springs offer an incredible variety in a small area. The alkaline soda lake is home to an amazing array of bird life with the best bird watching from November to April. During this time the migratory birds from Europe and Northern Africa can be observed and many birds can be seen in their breeding plumage.


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Ngorongoro Crater

Brief profile:
  • Covers 8,300 sq. km
  • One of the natural seven wonders of Africa
  • Varying in altitude from 1,020 to 2,285 metres
  • The crater is 19.2 kilometres in diameter and 610 metres deep. It contains a soda lake and abounds with wildlife
Highlights:
  • High concentrations of wildlife offering close-range viewing opportunities
  • Big 5 game viewing
  • Best place in Tanzania to see black rhino
  • Observe Maasai herdsmen graze their cattle adjacent to their predators
  • Luxurious lodges perched on the crater rim, offering magnificent views
The Ngorongoro Crater is the world’s largest unbroken volcanic caldera and is regarded as the 8th wonder of the world. It is one of the most diverse and fascinating areas of Tanzania and has been granted the prestigious status of a World Heritage Site and International Biosphere Reserve. The fertile slopes and steep forest-covered walls are home to approximately 30,000 animals including the rare black rhino. The various ecosystems found within the 260 square kilometre crater floor sustain Cape buffalo, elephants, wildebeest, zebras, elands, gazelles, hippos, numerous bird species as well as a high concentration of predators. Although birdlife is generally good throughout the year, from November to April, migratory birds from Europe and Northern Africa are present and many resident birds are in breeding plumage.


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Queen Elizabeth National Park


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Ruaha National Park

Brief profile:
  • Covers approximately 20,226 sq. km
  • Largest national park in Tanzania and also the largest in Africa
  • Only park in Tanzania that is home to both the greater and lesser kudu
    Highlights:
    • A vast wilderness visited by only a handful of travellers each year
    • Lesser and greater kudu co-exist with northern species such as Grant's gazelle
    • Known for its elephants and carnivores, especially the African wild dog
    • Ruaha is a bird watcher’s paradise, with more than 526 species recorded
    • Lions are abundant, with leopards and cheetahs often seen
    Ruaha National Park is the undiscovered gem of Tanzania and is often called “Tanzania’s best kept secret”. Spectacular landscapes, a huge variety of plant and bird life and an abundance of animals make Ruaha the perfect safari destination. Currently only one-third of the park area is used for tourism leaving the greater majority of wilderness untouched and undiscovered. The central spine of the park is the watershed between the Mzombe and the Great Ruaha River, with its dramatic escarpment covered in large stretches of Miombo woodland. Below these woodlands lie plains with vegetation ranging from dry bush country to treeless grasslands, swamps and evergreen forests intersected by the many sand rivers that are such an impressive feature of this area. Ruaha represents a transition zone where eastern and southern species of flora and fauna overlap and in all some 1,650-plant species can be found. Ruaha is a bird watcher’s paradise with approximately 526 bird species - more than half of those found in the entire country!


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    Selous Game Reserve

    Brief profile:
    • Covers 88,000 sq. km
    • Covering almost 6% of Tanzania’s land surface
    • Home to the largest number species of animals found in a single reserve anywhere in the world
    • Largest game reserve in Africa
    • Only park in Tanzania where game viewing can be done by car, on foot or by boat.
    Highlights:
    • Largest remaining wilderness areas in Africa
    • Largest population of Buffalo in Africa
    • Elephants – a sixth of the total living elephants in Africa is found in Selous
    • Strongest herds of hippos on the continent
    • Exceptionally high variety of habitats including Miombo woodlands, open grasslands, riverine forests and swamps
    • Boat safaris on the Rufiji River
    • Walking safaris
    Located in south eastern Tanzania in a remote and seldom visited part of the country, the Selous Game Reserve is Africa’s largest protected wildlife reserve, covering almost 6% of Tanzania’s total land surface. Due to its remote location, mostly accessible only by small aircraft, the reserve has remained one of the untouched gems of Tanzania. One of the reserve’s major attractions is the mighty Rufiji River, the largest river in East Africa and home to one of the largest crocodile and hippo populations in Africa, swarming with fish which in turn bring about some of the world’s best water birding. This wonderfully diverse, vast and well-watered habitat has the right ingredients to enable the land to hold an unusually high number of animals of all shapes and sizes as well as sustain an extraordinary array of different vegetation types. Selous has an estimate of 2,100 species of plants, 350 species of birds, 60,000 elephant, 100,000 Cape buffalo and over a quarter of the worlds’ approximately 4,000 remaining rare wild dogs, estimated to be 1300.


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    Serengeti National Park

    Brief profile:
    • Covers 14,763 sq. km
    • One of the natural seven wonders of Africa
    • The word “Serengeti” originates from the Maasai language and means: “a place where the land goes on forever”
    • Serengeti is accessible by vehicle all year round
    Highlights:
    • One of the world’s greatest wildlife spectacles – the wildebeest migration
    • Unforgettable hot air balloon safaris over the vast Serengeti plains
    • One of the world’s oldest ecosystems
    • Known for its vast grassy plains, dotted with beautiful acacia trees
    The Serengeti’s endless plains, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, are patrolled by Africa’s big cats, elephant, buffalo, gazelle and giraffe, and is perhaps most famous for the migration of animals. The principle players are the wildebeest, whose numbers appear to have increased to approximately 2 million. In addition, about 250,000 zebras make the seasonal journey to fresh pastures, first to the north, then to the south after the rains. So strong is their ancient instinct to move, that no drought, gorge or crocodile-infested river can hold them back. In February, the wildebeest cows drop their young in a synchronized birthing that sees some 300,000 to 400,000 calves born within two to three weeks of one another. Bird watching in the Serengeti is good all year round, but at its very best during November through April. This is when European and North African migratory birds are present for resident species.


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    Tarangire National Park

    Brief profile:
    • Covers 2,642 sq. km
    • 550 species of birds exist
    • Main roads are good and the landscape generally open
    Highlights:
    • Tarangire is one of the best places to view elephant in East Africa
    • Spectacular baobab trees
    • Tarangire is home to more elephants per square km than anywhere else in the world
    • Other optional activities include walking safaris and night game drives
    Tarangire is made up of low-lying, rolling hills, natural vegetation of acacia woodland and giant baobabs surrounded by huge areas of swamp. The swamps of black cotton mud produce rich grasslands, while the watercourses are lined by huge trees including sycamore fig, tamarind and sausage trees. Tarangire features some of the greatest concentrations of game in Tanzania, second only to the Ngorongoro Crater, but with far fewer tourists. There are several dry-country species such as eland, Oryx, Grant’s gazelle and gerenuk, which are unlikely to be seen in the bigger parks to the west. Birdlife is plentiful all year round, but bird watching is at its best when the European and North African migratory birds are present from November to April. Nesting among the resident birds takes place during the same time.


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    GALLERY

    Tanzania Packages

    T1: Central Serengeti Migration

    Highlights:  Serengeti / Ngorongoro Crater / Lake Manyara
    Duration:  8 Days / 7 Nights
    Date:  April & May 2019
    VERY POPULAR!
     

    T2: Serengeti North Migration

    Highlights Serengeti (Central & Northern / Ngorongoro Crater / Lake Manyara
    Duration:  8 Days / 7 Nights
    Date:  Aug & Sept 2019
     

    T3: Calving and Predator Safari

    Highlights:  Lake Manyara / Ngorongoro Crater / Nogorongoro Conservation Area
    Duration:  8 Days / 7 Nights
    Date:  04 - 11 Mar 2019 / 07 - 14 Mar 2019
     

    T4: Best of Tanzania

    Highlights:   Western Kilimanjaro / Tarangire / Serengeti / Ngorongoro Crater
    Duration:  10 Days / 9 Nights
    Date:  Private Safari
     

    T5: Tanzania Luxury

    Highlights:  Tarangire / Lake Manyara / Ngorongoro Crater / Serengeti
    Duration:  8 Days / 7 Nights
    Date:  Private Safari
     

    T6: Best Of East Africa

    Highlights:  KENYA:  Lake Nakuru / Masai Mara / Amboseli.
    TANZANIA:  Serengeti NP / Ngorongoro Crater / Lake Manyara NP
    Duration:  12 Days / 11 Nights
    Date:  2019 (Set departure dates)
     

    T7: Tanzania Deluxe Safari

    Highlights:  Serengeti / Ngorongoro Crater / Lake Manyara
    Duration:  7 Days / 6 Nights
    Dates:  2019 (Set departure dates)
     

    T8: Ultimate Tanzania Safari

    Highlights:  Ruaha / Selous / Tarangire / Ngorongoro / Serengeti / Zanzibar
    Duration:  10 Days / 9 Nights
    Date:  Private Safari
     

    T9: Serengeti June Group Safari

    Highlights Serengeti / Ngorongoro Crater / Lake Manyara
    Duration:  8 Days / 7 Nights
    Date:  June 2019

     
     
     
     

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