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KILIMANJARO - Country Guide
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It is important to understand that weather on Kilimanjaro is as changeable and unpredictable as mountain weather all over the world. The best climbing seasons are January to March and June to October. The only real recommendation to climbers is to avoid the long rainy season (April to May) as the mountain becomes slippery and treacherous. The average day temperature on the lower slopes is around 30°C, while temperatures can range from 5 to 15°C at 3000m in altitude during day time. Night time temperatures on the mountain can be well below freezing – even at your first campsite.
The main entry point for flights is Kilimanjaro International Airport (JRO) located near the towns of Moshi & Arusha.  Other entry points into Tanzania is Dar es Salaam and Zanzibar from where connecting flights can be booked to Kilimanjaro Airport. 

Airlines serving Kilimanjaro Airport include:
  • KLM,
  • RwandAir,
  • Ethiopian Airlines,
  • Kenya Airways,
  • Singapore Airlines*,
  • United Airlines*,
  • Lufthansa*,
  • Etihad Airlines*,
  • Air France*,
  • Delta Air Lines*,
  • Emirates*,
  • Turkish Airlines*
(*codeshare flights - where two or more airlines share the same flight).   There are no direct flights to Tanzania from the USA.  KLM offers direct flights to Kilimanjaro Airport from Amsterdam.
VISA - Most passport holders require an entry visa for Tanzania.  Visas can be obtained from the Tanzania High Commission or on arrival (please check that this option applies to your travel) – cost between US$50.00 - US$100.00 for a single-entry visa.

- You do NOT need a yellow fever vaccination to enter Tanzania,
except if you travelled through an endemic country (or been in transit for 12 hours or more in such a country) – then you will have to present a yellow fever vaccination certificate!
It is essential to understand that weather on Kilimanjaro is as changeable and unpredictable as mountain weather all over the world.
Best climbing season
January to March and June to October.
Raining season
April and May (avoid this time as the mountain becomes slippery and treacherous).
Average temperatures
– During the daytime on the lower slopes it is around 30°C, and at 3000m altitude, it can range between 5 to 15°C.  Night time temperatures can be well below freezing – even at your first campsite.
Allowed FREE IMPORT by passengers of 19 years of age and over:
  • 250 grams of tobacco or 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars;
  • 1 bottle of alcoholic beverages;
  • 580 millilitres of perfume;
  • personal effects.
Recommended vaccinations for Tanzania: 
  • Hepatitis A;
  • Typhoid;
  • Polio.
Cholera outbreaks are frequent throughout the country and visitors are advised to drink bottled or boiled water while climbing Kilimanjaro.  There is a risk of malaria all year;  travellers should take precautions to avoid mosquito bites (recommended wearing long-sleeved shirts and long pants in the evenings).  Comprehensive medical insurance is advised as medical facilities and supplies are limited.

IT IS IMPERATIVE THAT YOU HAVE TRAVEL INSURANCE!  Even though they do not check any certificates when you enter the airports, for your peace of mind, make sure that you are adequately covered.  Make sure that your insurance cover for Kilimanjaro includes evacuation.

The Tanzanian Shilling is the official currency of Tanzania, but US Dollars are widely accepted in tourist areas.  Dollar notes printed before 2006 are NOT accepted. All major forms of credit card are accepted in Tanzania, although it is best to travel with either MasterCard or Visa. 

It is only in the major towns (such as Dar es Salaam or Arusha) that you will be able to withdraw money from an ATM’s (but they are not always reliable and sometimes break down or run out of money).  We recommend travelling with a credit card only as a backup, due to the poor infrastructure, you will find that you can incur surcharges of anything up to 10%.   We recommended travelling with enough cash to cover all expenses for your trip.
Tanzanians are proud that the vast cultural and ethnic diversity of their more than 120 tribes is unified under the national language, Swahili.  English is the official second language of the country and is the primary language of business and secondary education.  Christianity and Islam are the predominant religions of Tanzania.
Be sure to take along plenty of memory cards and buy it beforehand.  Take along extra batteries and a waterproof pouch to protect your camera from moisture and dust.  Ask permission first before taking photographs of people.  No military installations may be photographed and there are normally signs indicating this.
Tanzania is a safe country for tourism.  Tanzanians are warm-hearted and generous people and are eager to help visitors get the most out of their stay.  Tanzania is a politically stable, multi-democratic country.  As in all countries, a little common sense goes a long way, and reasonable precautions should still be taken, such as locking valuables in the hotel safe and not walking alone at night. 

The high elevation of Kilimanjaro means that ALTITUDE SICKNESS is a severe risk.  Symptoms include:
  • a shortness of breath,
  • headaches,
  • nausea
  • a loss of appetite.
On Kilimanjaro, reduce your chances of developing altitude sickness by giving your body a chance to acclimatise to the higher altitude.  Let your guide set the pace and don't be tempted to climb ahead of the group, even if you're feeling good.
Those who have climbed Kilimanjaro know that your guide and porters are the heart and soul of your climb.  They might mean the difference between making it and having to turn back disappointed.  Our porters and guides are paid according to local standards;  however, they rely on their tips as an extra income.  Although tipping isn’t compulsory, it is essential that you budget for this as it will be something you would want to give to your guide and porters after seeing what they are capable of.

We recommend:
Guide:  $20 per day from the group
Assistant guide:  $14 per day (from the group)
Cook:  $14 per day (from the group)
Waiter:  $10 per day (from the group)
Porter:  $9 per porter per day

Food throughout most areas of East Africa is similar.  Whenever a dish has a Swahili name, it invariably contains coconut and bananas.  There is coconut milk in curry, soups, vegetables, egg dishes, fish, meat and poultry, as well as in dessert dishes.  The bananas are used in meat stews as well as with fish and poultry.  Ugali, the perennial cornmeal porridge, is the primary staple.  Rice is also frequently eaten.

On Kilimanjaro, you can expect:  for breakfast - oatmeal, eggs, toast and fruit.  Lunches are usually eaten en-route to the next campsite and therefore consist of sandwiches and fruit.  Dinners include meat, carbohydrates and vegetables.

A gear bag (a soft waterproof bag) is recommended for your gear.  You also need a day pack (35litre) and a bag you can leave at the hotel with clean clothes.  Please see our GEAR page for more information on what to pack for Kilimanjaro.

New Year's Day1 Jan        01 Jan
Zanzibar Revolution Day12 Jan        12 Jan
Good Friday30 Mar        19 Apr
Easter Sunday1 Apr        21 Apr
Easter Monday2 Apr        22 Apr
Karume Day7 Apr        07 Apr
Union Day26 Apr        26 Apr
Labour Day1 May        01 May
Eid Ul Fitr (end of Ramadan)15 Jun        05 Jun
Saba Saba Day7 Jul        07 Jul
Nane Nane (Farmers) Day8 Aug        08 Aug
Eid El Haj Day (Sacrifice Feast)22 Aug        12 Aug
Mwalimu Nyerere Day14 Oct        14 Oct
Maulid Un Nabi Day20 Nov        10 Nov
Independence Day9 Dec        09 Dec
Christmas Day25 Dec        25 Dec
Boxing Day26 Dec        26 Dec


Kilimanjaro Packages

K1: Machame 6-day Route

Duration:  8 Days / 7 Nights
Climb:  6 Days
  Pre-scheduled and private climb

K2: Machame 7-day Route

Duration:  9 Days / 8 Nights
Climb:  7 Days
  Pre-scheduled and private climb


K3: Marangu 6-day Route

Duration:  8 Days / 7 Nights
Climb:  6 Days  
Private climb

K4: Lemosho 6-day Route

Duration 8 Days / 7 Nights
Climb:  6 Days
:  Private climb

K5: Lemosho 7-day Route

Duration:  9 Days / 8 Nights
Climb:  7 Days
Date:  Private climb

K6: Umbwe 6-day Route

Duration:  8 Days / 7 Nights
Climb:  6 Days
  Private climb

K7: Rongai 6-day Route

Duration 8 Days / 7 Nights
Climb:  6 Days
  Private climb

K8: Nyiragongo and Kilimanjaro

Duration:  12 Days / 11 Nights
Climb:  2 & 7 Days
Date:  Pre-scheduled & private climbs


K9: Mount Meru

Duration:  6 Days / 5 Nights
Climb:  4 Days
Date:  Private climb


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