Languages: KiSwahili is the official language, the lingua franca, although English is widely spoken in commercial areas. In addition, most tribes have their own language and in remote areas, the majority of people will only speak their tribal language. English is universally used in business, and spoken by most people in the tourist industry. Other languages are Gikuyu, Kiluhya, Dholuo, Kikamba, Maasai and Somali.
Ethnic groups: Kenya is home to 13 ethnic groups although there are a further 27 smaller groups. Most Kenyans belong to Bantu tribes such as the Kikuyu (22%), Luhya (14%) and Kamba (11%). The Luo (13%) are of Nilotic origin, as are the smaller Kalenjin (12%), Maasai, Turkana and others. Somalis and the nomadic Hamitic peoples (Turkana, Rendille and Samburu) live in the north; Kamba and Maasai tribes are concentrated in the south and eastern lowlands; the Luo live around Lake Victoria. Asian, European and Arab people makeup approximately 1%.
Religion: Christian - 66%; indigenous beliefs - 26%; Muslim - 7%, other - 1%